Saturday, January 23, 2016

Lectionary Commentary

Servant of the Word
Lectionary Commentary
(Volume I of the Lectionary for Mass [Sundays, Solemnities and Feasts of the Lord])
(Volumes II & III of the Lectionary for Mass)
(Volumes II & III of the Lectionary for Mass)

Volume IV Index (Texts for Commons, Ritual Masses, Masses for Various Needs, Votive Masses and Masses for the Dead)

Collection of Masses of the Blessed Virgin Mary (under construction)

Liturgical Calendar and Ordo (from Universalis)

This commentary was originally written in the form of a daily exercise in exegesis. It is not a scholarly work but rather an attempt by a simple minister of the Church to capture a glimpse of the Lord as he reveals Himself in the Word. The scope of this work was to develop a set of commentaries and reflections for all three Sunday Cycles (A, B, & C), Years I & II of the Daily Readings and the Feasts, Solemnities, and Memorials celebrated by the Church. I began writing on February 1, 2006 and through various iterations in format continue to this day.

I have completed the original goal with the exception of combinations of dates and assigned readings that have not occurred. I was asked by a reader if there was a place to find all of what I had written based on the book of the Bible in which the passage occurred. This started me on the path I now follow.

I have relied heavily on a number of references as I examined the daily readings in the Lectionary for Mass. These include; The Jerome Biblical Commentary (1966 Edition), The Navarre Bible, and The Ignatius Catholic Study Bible: New Testament. I have attempted to cite these works in the footnotes when I borrowed significant sections.

This commentary is a work in progress! I started compiling the daily commentaries at the beginning of Advent 2010. It is my way of helping my brothers and sisters who, like me have a love of the Sacred Scripture and wish to have a systematic resource for delving more deeply into the use made of it in liturgy. The major indexes were completed by January 2014.

I point out that I am NOT a scripture scholar and there are, no doubt, errors, both typographical and factual in what I have written. I am trying to review each passage as it is included but that is a challenging task given the volume and complexity of cross referencing and indexing that must be done. I invite you who are using this text to notify me when these errors are found and I will correct them.

One final note about the inclusion of the readings. The USCCB holds the copyrights for the New American Bible and I was denied permission to re-publish these readings unless I entered an agreement with them and charged an appropriate fee. I understand the need for this stance and my Bishop has indicated that fees for re-publishing the readings is a needed source of income for the USCCB’s work. For this reason, this commentary is restricted to private individuals and Clergy. The readings may not be published for general distribution without permission of USCCB. My commentary and reflections on the other hand I offer as a gift from God to God and his servants.

Structure and Contents
The Servant of the Word Project has five parts; The Supplemental BenchThe Memorial BenchServant of the Word (originally titled Deacon’s Bench), Servant of the Word II (SOW II) and the SOW II Commentary.

The Supplemental Bench is a repository for the readings as they are found in the Lectionary for Mass. These readings also contain “back links” to the entries in either Servant of the Word or Servant of the Word II sections. Most entries in this section are also found at temporary links at the USCCB and Universalis (Universalis is the source for the readings as found in the Jerusalem Bible). The temporary links “time out” after a short period of time.

The Memorial Bench is a compellation or readings, commentaries and reflections on Feasts, Solemnities, and Memorials. When there are multiple options offered for a given day, this is where the second or third options reside.

Servant of the Word is the public Blog where I initially published. As you can see from the final entry, I was asked to stop publishing the Lectionary readings in this domain. The Servant of the Word II is the private continuation of the daily commentaries and reflections. It is not searchable and therefore not useful as a reference volume.

The SOW II Commentary is a synthesis of the commentaries coupled with a “wired” index to the readings along with a second “wired” index to the Psalms and Canticles. The Commentary is broken down into Old Testament and New Testament. Each Book entry contains the complete index for references to that Book of the Bible as used in the Lectionary for Mass. Each sub-entry contains all of the references to that particular entry and is linked through the “Context” heading to the Supplemental Bench or the Memorial Bench.

A Note on Hypertext Links to the NAB

On August 9th 2011, the USCCB launched a new version of its on-line New American Bible.  This new version reduced the function all of the scripture links in the SOW Commentary.  When they were first inserted, they took the reader to the Book, Chapter, and Verse of the citation.  In their older form, they now only go to Book and Chapter.  I am in the process of re-entering all of these links in the new format.  Please bear with me; it is a long process and there are no short cuts.

I do not know if this work will ever find its way into the hands of the students of the word or preachers of the word for which it is intended because of the copyright issues. For anyone able to use it in its present form and location I invite you to share my love affair with scripture and the Church and to use this work to the greater glory of God, its true author.


Deacon Jim Miles
St. Thomas the Apostle Church
Diocese of Lansing
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Sunday, October 11, 2015

Scriptural Cheat Sheet for Catholic Apologetics

Scriptural Cheat Sheet for Catholic Apologetics
From Ave Maria Radio

Against Sola Fide/Need for Good Works

    Jas 2:14-26 ... what good is faith without works'.'

    Heb 10:26 ... must avoid sin.

    Jas 5:20 ... "earning" forgiveness.

Lk 6:46; Mt 7:21; Mt 19:16-21; Jn 5:29 ... must do the will of God.

    1 Cor 9:27 .. "buffet my body ..."

Phil 2:12; 2 Cor 5:10; Rom 2:6-10,13,3:31; Mt 25:32-46:

    Gal 6:6-10; Rev 20:12 ... works have merit.

    1 Jn 2:3-4; 1 Jn 3:24: 1 Jn 5:3 ... keep commandments.


Against Sola Scriptura / Need for Tradition

Jn 21:25 ... not everything is in the Bible.

2 Thes 2:15; 2 Tim 2:2: 1 Cor 11:2; 1 Thes 2:13 ... Paul speaks

    of oral tradition.

Acts 2:42 ... early Christians followed apostolic tradition.

2 Pet 3:16 ... Bible hard to understand, get distorted.

2 Jn 1:12;3 Jn 1:13-14 ... more oral tradition.

2 Pet 1:20-21 ... against personal interpretation.

Acts 8:31; Heb 5:12 ... guidance needed to interpret scriptures.


Baptism of Infants

Acts 2:38-39: Acts 16:15, 16:33, 18:8; 1 Cor 1:16 ... suggests

    baptism of all, including children.

Jn 3:5; Rom 6:4 ... necessity of baptism.

Col 2:11-12 ... circumcision (normally performed on infants c.f.

    Gen 17:12) replaced by baptism.

 "Brothers" of Jesus

 Mary wife of Cleophas and "sister" of the Virgin Mary (Jn 19:25)

    is the mother of James and Joset (Mk 15:47; Mt 27:56) who arc

    called the "brothers ol'Jesus" (Mk 6:3).

Acts 1:12-15 ... apostles, Mary. "some women" and Jesus'

    "brothers" number about 120. That is a lot of "brothers."

Gen 14:14 ... Lot, Abraham's nephew (Gen 11:26-28), described as

    Abraham's brother (KJV).

Gen 29:15 ... Laban, Jacob's uncle, calls Jacob his "brother"


John 19:26-27 ... Jesus gives care of Mary to John, not one of his


 2 Sam 6:23. Gen 8:7, Dt 34:6 ..."until."

Church and Authority

Acts 2:42 ... doctrine, community, sacred rite (bread).

Eph 5:25-26 ... Christ loved the Church.

1 Tim 3:15 ... church is pillar/foundation of truth.

Mt 16:18; 20:20 ... Christ protects Church.

Heb 13:17 ...obey.

Mt 18:17-18 ... church as final authority.

Mt 23:2 ... Pharisees succeeded Moses (seat of Moses).

1 Cor 5:5; 1 Tim 1:20 ... excommunication.

Deuterocanonicals / Greek OT Canon

Dcuterocanonicals used in NT: 2 Mc 6:18-7:42 ... Heb 11:35;

    Wisdom 3:5-6 ... 1 Pet 1:6-7; Wisdom 13:1-9 ... Rom 1:18-32

Septuagint (Gk, w/Dcutcrocanonicals) version ofOT quoted in NT,

    noticably different from Hebrew version: Is 7:14 ... Mt 1:23; Is

    40:3 ... Mt 3:3; Joel 2:30-31 ... Acts 2:19-29; Ps 95:7-9 ... Heb

    3:7-9 ... etc.


Mt 26:26-27; Mk 14:22,24; Lk 22:19-20; 1 Cor 10:24-25 ... this is

    my body ... this is my blood.

 1 Cor 11:26-30 ... sinning against the body and blood.

Jn 6:32-58 ... long discourse on Eucharist.

Gen 14:18; Ps 110:4; Heb 7:1-17 ... Melchizedek.

Acts 2:42 ... breaking of bread.

Ps 27:l-2; Is 9:18-20; Is 49:26; Micah 3:3; Rev 17:6,16...

    symbolic interpretation ofJn 6 inappropriate.

Forgiveness of Sins

Jn 20:22-23 ... "if you forgive ... they are forgiven."

 Mt 18:18 ... binding on earth and heaven.

2 Cor 5:18 ... ministry of reconciliation.

Jas 5:14-16 ... forgiveness of sins, anointing of the sick, confession.


 1 Jn 1:7, 2 Pet 1:9 ... purified from sins.

Jn 1:29, Heb 9:26-28 ... takes away sin.

Ps 50:3, Ps 102:12, Is 43:25 ... blot out, clear away sin.

Rom 2:13, Rom 3:20... future justification.

Heb 11:8...Gen 12:1-4; Rom 4:2-3...Gen 15:6; Jas 2:21-23...

    Gen 22:1-18 ...justifications of Abraham.

2 Pet 1:4 ... become partakers of the divine nature.


 Gen 5:24; Heb 11:5; 2 Kings 2:1-13 ... Enoch and Elijah taken

    to heaven.

 Lk 1:28 ... annunciation.

 Lk 1:42-48 ... blessed are you among women.

 2 Tim 4:8, Jas 1:12, 1 Pet 5:4, Rev 2:10 ... coronation awaits saints.

 Jn 2:1-5 ... Mary's intercession.


Mt 10:l-4; Mk 3:16-19; Lk 6:14-16; Acts 1:13; Lk 9:32 ...

    Peter always mentioned first, as foremost apostle.

Mt 18:21; Mk 8:29; Lk 12:41; Jn 6:69 ... Peter speaks for

    the apostles.

Acts 2:14-40 ... Pentecost: Peter who first preached.

Acts 3:6-7 ... Peter worked lirst healing.

Acts 10:46-48 ... Gentiles to be baptized revealed to Peter.

Jn 1:42 ... Simon is Cephas (Aramaic: Kepha for rock).

Mt 16:18-19 ... "on this Rock ... keys ... bind ... loose"

Is 22:22; Rev 1:18 ... keys as symbol of authority.

Jn 21:17 ... "feed my sheep"

Lk 22:31-32 ... "Simon ... strengthen your brethren".

Lk 10:1-2, 16; Jn 13:20; 2 Cor 5:20; Gal 4:14; Acts 5:1-5 ...

    "vicars" (substitutes) of Christ.

Mk 6:20;Lk 1:70,2:23; Rom 12:1: Act 3:21. 1 Cor 7:14: Eph 3:5;

    Col 1:22 ... humans can be holy ("call no one holy").

Priesthood and Worship

Acts 1:15-26; 2 Tim 2:2; Tit 1:5 ...unbroken succession.

Acts 15:6,23; 1 Tim 4:14, 5:22; 1 Tim 5:17; Jas 5:13-15 .;.

    presbyters/elders (priests) were ordained, preached and taught

    the flock, administered sacraments.

Lk 16:24; Rom 4; 1 Cor 4:14-15; Acts 7:2; 1 Thes 2:11;

    1 Jn 2:13-14 ... "call no one father"".'

 1 Cor 7:7-9 ... Paul unmarried.

Mt 19:12; 1 Cor 7:32,33 ...celibacy.

Gen 14:18;Ps 110:4; Heb 7:1-17... Melchizedek.

Rev 4:8 ... "vain repetition"?

 1 Kg 8:54; 2 Chr 6:13; Ezra 9:5; Mt 17:14; Lk 5:8 ... kneeling.

Rev 8:3-4 ... incense.

 1 Cor 12 ... different roles of members ofbody.


Lk 12:59; 1 Cor3:15; 1 Pet 1:7; Mt 5:25-26 ... temporary agony

Heb 12:6-11 ... God's painful discipline.

Mt 12:32 ... no forgiveness ... nor in the age to come.

 1 Pet 3:19 ... purgatory (limbo?).

Rev 21:27 ... nothing unclean shall enter heaven.

Heb 12:23 ... souls in heaven are perfect.

Col 1:24; 2 Sam 12:14 ... "extra" suffering.

2 Mac 12:43-16 ... sacrifice for the dead.

2 Tim 1:15-18 ... prayer for Onesiphorus for "that Day."

1 Jn 5:14-17 ... mortal/venial sins


Mk 12:26-27 ... "not God of the dead, but of the living."

Jn 15:1-8 ... vine and its branches.

1 Cor 12:25-27; Rom 12:4-5 ... body of Christ.

Eph 6:18; Rom 15:30; Col 4:3; 1 Thes 1:11 ... intercessory prayer.

Jos 5:14; Dan 8:17; Tob 12:16 ... veneration of angels united

    with God (Mt 18:10).

1 Cor 13:12; 1 John 3:2 ... saints also united with God.

Lk 20-34-38 ... those wlio died are like angels.

2 Mc 15:11-16 ... deceased Onias and Jeremiah interceded

    for Jews.

Rev 8:3-4; Jer 15:1 ... saints' intercession.

Salvation (once and for all?)

 1 Cor 9:27 ... after preaching ... I myself disqualified.

 1 Cor 10:12 ... thinks that he stands ... lest he fall.

Phil 2:12 ... work out salvation with fear and trembling.

Heb 4:1 ... fear of failing to reach salvation.

 1 Jn 5:16,17 ... some sins arc mortal, some not.

Rom 11:21,22 ... spare branches, continue or be cut off.

Statues, Images and Relics

Ex 25:18-22, 26:1,31; Num 21:8-9... God commands images


 1 Kings 6:23-29, 35, 7:29 ... Solomon's temple: statues and


Acts 19:11,12... Paul's handkerchiefs and aprons.

2 Kg 13:20-21 ... Elisha's bones.

Acts 5:15-16 ... Peter's shadow.

Mt 9:20-22 ... Jesus' garment cures woman.




Wednesday, July 22, 2015




CCC Cross Reference:
Mt 19:23-29 2053; Mt 19:23-24 226; Mt 19:26 276, 308, 1058; Mt 19:28 765

From the Common of Pastors or the Common of Holy Men and Women, Religious


Sirach 3:17-25

My child, conduct your affairs with humility,
and you will be loved more than a giver of gifts.
Humble yourself the more, the greater you are,
and you will find favor with God.
The greater you are,
the more you must humble yourself in all things,
and you will find grace before God.
For great is the power of God;
by the humble he is glorified.
What is too sublime for you, seek not,
into things beyond your strength search not.
What is committed to you, attend to;
for it is not necessary for you to see with your eyes
those things which are hidden.
With what is too much for you meddle not,
when shown things beyond human understanding.
Their own opinion has misled many,
and false reasoning unbalanced their judgment.
Where the pupil of the eye is missing, there is no light,
and where there is no knowledge, there is no wisdom.

Psalm 15:2-3a, 3bc-4ab, 5

R. (1) The just one shall live on your holy mountain, O Lord.

He who walks blamelessly and does justice;
who thinks the truth in his heart
and slanders not with his tongue.
R. The just one shall live on your holy mountain, O Lord.

Who harms not his fellow man,
nor takes up a reproach against his neighbor;
By whom the reprobate is despised,
while he honors those who fear the Lord.
R. The just one shall live on your holy mountain, O Lord.

Who lends not his money at usury
and accepts no bribe against the innocent.
He who does these things
shall never be disturbed.
R. The just one shall live on your holy mountain, O Lord.
Peter said to Jesus,
"We have given up everything and followed you.
What will there be for us?"
Jesus said to them, "Amen, I say to you
that you who have followed me, in the new age,
when the Son of Man is seated on his throne of glory,
will yourselves sit on twelve thrones,
judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
And everyone who has given up houses or brothers or sisters
or father or mother or children or lands
for the sake of my name will receive a hundred times more,
and will inherit eternal life."
Back to Memorial Bench
* Added from the Sacramentary Supplement, provisional number assigned by SOW

Thursday, July 16, 2015




CCC Cross Reference:
Ez 34:11-31 754
Ps 23:5 1293
Jn 10:11-15 754; Jn 10:11 553, 754; Jn 10:16 60; Jn 10:17-18 614, 649; Jn 10:17 606; Jn 10:18 609

From the Common of Martyrs, For One Martyr 782, or Common of Pastors 790


Ezekiel 34:11-16

Thus says the Lord GOD:
I myself will look after and tend my sheep.
As a shepherd tends his flock
when he finds himself among his scattered sheep,
so will I tend my sheep.
I will rescue them from every place where they were scattered
when it was cloudy and dark.
I will lead them out from among the peoples
and gather them from the foreign lands;
I will bring them back to their own country
and pasture them upon the mountains of Israel
in the land's ravines and all its inhabited places.
In good pastures will I pasture them,
and on the mountain heights of Israel
shall be their grazing ground.
There they shall lie down on good grazing ground,
and in rich pastures shall they be pastured
on the mountains of Israel.
I myself will pasture my sheep;
I myself will give them rest, says the Lord GOD.
The lost I will seek out,
the strayed I will bring back,
the injured I will bind up,
the sick I will heal,
but the sleek and the strong I will destroy,
shepherding them rightly.

Psalm 23:1-3a,3b-4,5,6

R. The Lord is my shepherd; there is nothing I shall want.

The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.
In verdant pastures he gives me repose;
Beside restful waters he leads me;
he refreshes my soul.
R. The Lord is my shepherd; there is nothing I shall want.

He guides me in right paths
for his name’s sake.
Even though I walk in the dark valley
I fear no evil; for you are at my side
With your rod and your staff
that give me courage.
R. The Lord is my shepherd; there is nothing I shall want.

You spread the table before me
in the sight of my foes;
You anoint my head with oil;
my cup overflows.
R. The Lord is my shepherd; there is nothing I shall want.

Only goodness and kindness follow me
all the days of my life;
And I shall dwell in the house of the LORD
for years to come.
R. The Lord is my shepherd; there is nothing I shall want.

John 10:11-18

Jesus said:
“I am the good shepherd.
A good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.
A hired man, who is not a shepherd
and whose sheep are not his own,
sees a wolf coming and leaves the sheep and runs away,
and the wolf catches and scatters them.
This is because he works for pay and has no concern for the sheep.
I am the good shepherd,
and I know mine and mine know me,
just as the Father knows me and I know the Father;
and I will lay down my life for the sheep.
I have other sheep that do not belong to this fold.
These also I must lead, and they will hear my voice,
and there will be one flock, one shepherd.
This is why the Father loves me,
because I lay down my life in order to take it up again.
No one takes it from me, but I lay it down on my own.
I have power to lay it down, and power to take it up again.
This command I have received from my Father.”

Monday, July 13, 2015


[In the Dioceses of the United States]


CCC Cross Reference:
Hos 2 218; Hos 2:21-22 2787
Mt 25:1-13 672, 796; Mt 25:1 672; Mt 25:6 1618; Mt 25:13 672

From the Common of Virgins


Hosea 2:16bc, 17cd, 21-22

Thus says the LORD:
I will lead her into the desert
and speak to her heart.
She shall respond there as in the days of her youth,
when she came up from the land of Egypt.
I will espouse you to me forever;
I will espouse you in right and in justice,
in love and in mercy;
I will espouse you in fidelity,
and you shall know the LORD

Ps 45:11-12, 14-15, 16-17

R. (11) Listen to me, daughter; see and bend your ear.

Hear, O daughter, and see; turn your ear,
forget your people and your father’s house.
So shall the king desire your beauty;
for he is your lord, and you must worship him.
R. Listen to me, daughter; see and bend your ear.

All glorious is the king’s daughter as she enters;
her raiment is threaded with spun gold.
In embroidered apparel she is borne in to the king;
behind her the virgins of her train are brought to you.
R. Listen to me, daughter; see and bend your ear.

They are borne in with gladness and joy;
they enter the palace of the king.
The place of your fathers your sons shall have;
you shall make them princes through all the land.
R. Listen to me, daughter; see and bend your ear.

Mt 25:1-13

Jesus told his disciples this parable:
"The Kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins
who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom.
Five of them were foolish and five were wise.
The foolish ones, when taking their lamps,
brought no oil with them,
but the wise brought flasks of oil with their lamps.
Since the bridegroom was long delayed,
they all became drowsy and fell asleep.
At midnight, there was a cry,
'Behold, the bridegroom! Come out to meet him!'
Then all those virgins got up and trimmed their lamps.
The foolish ones said to the wise,
'Give us some of your oil,
for our lamps are going out.'
But the wise ones replied,
'No, for there may not be enough for us and you.
Go instead to the merchants and buy some for yourselves.'
While they went off to buy it,
the bridegroom came
and those who were ready went into the wedding feast with him.
Then the door was locked.
Afterwards the other virgins came and said,
'Lord, Lord, open the door for us!'
But he said in reply,
'Amen, I say to you, I do not know you.'
Therefore, stay awake,
for you know neither the day nor the hour."

Back to Memorial Bench

Sunday, July 12, 2015


MAY 21


CCC Cross Reference:
Rv 7:9 775, 1138; Rv 7:10-12 2642
Ps 34:3 716; Ps 34:8 336
Jn 12:24 2731

From the Common of Martyrs in the Easter Season


Revelation 7:9-17

I, John, had a vision of a great multitude,
which no one could count,
from every nation, race, people, and tongue.
They stood before the throne and before the Lamb,
wearing white robes and holding palm branches in their hands.
They cried out in a loud voice:

"Salvation comes from our God, who is seated on the throne,
and from the Lamb."

All the angels stood around the throne
and around the elders and the four living creatures.
They prostrated themselves before the throne,
worshiped God, and exclaimed:

"Amen. Blessing and glory, wisdom and thanksgiving,
honor, power, and might
be to our God forever and ever. Amen."

Then one of the elders spoke up and said to me,
"Who are these wearing white robes, and where did they come from?"
I said to him, "My lord, you are the one who knows."
He said to me,
"These are the ones who have survived the time of great distress;
they have washed their robes
and made them white in the Blood of the Lamb.

"For this reason they stand before God's throne
and worship him day and night in his temple.
The One who sits on the throne will shelter them.
They will not hunger or thirst anymore,
nor will the sun or any heat strike them.
For the Lamb who is in the center of the throne
will shepherd them
and lead them to springs of life-giving water,
and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes."

Ps 34:2-3, 4-5, 6-7, 8-9, 10-11

R. I will bless the Lord at all times.

I will bless the LORD at all times;
his praise shall be ever in my mouth.
Let my soul glory in the LORD;
the lowly will hear and be glad.
R. I will bless the Lord at all times.

Glorify the LORD with me,
let us together extol his name.
I sought the LORD, and he answered me
and delivered me from all my fears.
R. I will bless the Lord at all times.

Look to him that you may be radiant with joy,
and your faces may not blush with shame.
When the poor one called out, the LORD heard,
and from all his distress he saved him.
R. I will bless the Lord at all times.

The angel of the LORD encamps
around those who fear him, and delivers them.
Taste and see how good the LORD is;
blessed the man who takes refuge in him.
R. I will bless the Lord at all times.

Fear the LORD, you his holy ones,
for nought is lacking to those who fear him.
The great grow poor and hungry;
but those who seek the LORD want for no good thing.
R. I will bless the Lord at all times.

John 12:24-26

Jesus said to his disciples:
"Amen, amen, I say to you,
unless a grain of wheat falls to the ground and dies,
it remains just a grain of wheat;
but if it dies, it produces much fruit.
Whoever loves his life loses it,
and whoever hates his life in this world
will preserve it for eternal life.
Whoever serves me must follow me,
and where I am, there also will my servant be.
The Father will honor whoever serves me."

Back to Memorial Bench

Saturday, July 11, 2015




CCC Cross Reference:
1 Cor 7:26 672; 1 Cor 7:31 1619; 1 Cor 7:32 1579, 1618; 1 Cor 7:34-36 922; 1 Cor 7:34-35 506
 Lk 9:23 1435

From the Common of Virgins, p. 1869


1 Corinthians 7:25-35
In regard to virgins, I have no commandment from the Lord,
but I give my opinion as one who by the Lord's mercy is trustworthy.
So this is what I think best because of the present distress:
that it is a good thing for a person to remain as he is.
Are you bound to a wife? Do not seek a separation.
Are you free of a wife? Then do not look for a wife.
If you marry, however, you do not sin,
nor does an unmarried woman sin if she marries;
but such people will experience affliction in their earthly life,
and I would like to spare you that.

I tell you, brothers and sisters, the time is running out.
From now on, let those having wives act as not having them,
those weeping as not weeping,
those rejoicing as not rejoicing,
those buying as not owning,
those using the world as not using it fully.
For the world in its present form is passing away.

I should like you to be free of anxieties.
An unmarried man is anxious about the things of the Lord,
how he may please the Lord.
But a married man is anxious about the things of the world,
how he may please his wife, and he is divided.
An unmarried woman or a virgin is anxious about the things of the Lord,
so that she may be holy in both body and spirit.
A married woman, on the other hand,
is anxious about the things of the world,
how she may please her husband.
I am telling you this for your own benefit,
not to impose a restraint upon you,
but for the sake of propriety
and adherence to the Lord without distraction.

Ps 45:11-12, 14-15, 16-17

R. (11) Listen to me, daughter; see and bend your ear.

Hear, O daughter, and see; turn your ear,
forget your people and your father’s house.
So shall the king desire your beauty;
for he is your lord, and you must worship him.
R. Listen to me, daughter; see and bend your ear.

All glorious is the king’s daughter as she enters;
her raiment is threaded with spun gold.
In embroidered apparel she is borne in to the king;
behind her the virgins of her train are brought to you.
R. Listen to me, daughter; see and bend your ear.

They are borne in with gladness and joy;
they enter the palace of the king.
The place of your fathers your sons shall have;
you shall make them princes through all the land.
R. Listen to me, daughter; see and bend your ear.

Luke 9:23-26

Jesus said to all,
“If anyone wishes to come after me, he must deny himself
and take up his cross daily and follow me.
For whoever wishes to save his life will lose it,
but whoever loses his life for my sake will save it.
What profit is there for one to gain the whole world
yet lose or forfeit himself?
Whoever is ashamed of me and of my words,
the Son of Man will be ashamed of when he comes in his glory
and in the glory of the Father and of the holy angels."

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